Allah says in the Qur’an: “So flee to Allah (from His Torment to His Mercy), verily, I (Muhammad, peace be upon him) am a plain warner to you from Him.” [Surah Al-Thariyat 51:50]

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This verse is one of the greatest verses of the Qur’an, which combines the meanings of both hope and fear: fearing Allah, and seeking refuge with Him, since there is no escape from Allah except towards Him, Most High. He commanded his slaves to flee away from Him by coming towards Himself, to tell them that there is no one else more Merciful for them than Him, the Exalted! And to tell them that He wants to forgive his slaves and show them Mercy.

Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim has done a lengthy and beneficial commentary on the stage of “fleeing” in his book Madarij Al-Salikin (1/469-481).

Allah says in the Qur’an: “So flee to Allah (from His Torment to His Mercy), verily, I (Muhammad, peace be upon him) am a plain warner to you from Him.” [Surah Al-Thariyat 51:50]

Imam Al-Tabari, may Allah have Mercy on him, said:

“Allah said [So flee to Allah, i.e.]: flee O people from Allah’s Punishment towards His Mercy by believing in Him and following His Commandments and being obedient to Him. [I am a plain warner to you from Him] i.e. I am a warner who warns you against Allah’s punishment and I scare you of His torment (in this world) which befell these nations whose stories He narrated to you and the torment with which He will punish them in the Hereafter.”

[Jami’ Al-Bayan 22/440]

Imam Al-Qurtubi, may Allah have Mercy on him, said:

After mentioning the previous nations’ denial of their prophets and their destruction due to this (crime), Allah said to His Prophet (peace be upon him): Say to them i.e. your nation, O Muhammad, “So flee to Allah, verily, I am a plain warner to you from Him.” i.e. flee from His disobedience towards His obedience.

Ibn ‘Abbas said: “Flee towards Allah by repenting from your sins.” He also said, “Flee from Him towards Him and act obediently to Him.”

Muhammad Bin ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Amr Bin ‘Uthman Bin ‘Affan said: “Flee towards Allah” i.e. Go out to Mecca.

Al-Hussain Ibn Al-Fadhl said: Beware of everything except Allah, since the one who flees to something other than Him, cannot protect him from Allah.

Abu Bakr Al-Warraq said: Flee from obedience to Satan to obedience to Al-Rahman (Allah).

Al-Junaid said: Satan calls towards falsehood, so flee towards Allah, Who will protect you against him.

Thulnoon Al-Masri said: Flee from ignorance towards knowledge, from ingratitude and infidelity towards thankfulness.

‘Amr Bin ‘Uthman said: Flee from your own selves towards Allah. He also said: Flee towards what Allah has predestined for you and do not rely on your own actions.

Sahl Bin ‘Abdullah said: Flee from whatever is other than Allah towards Him.

“I am a plain warner to you from Him” i.e. I warn you against His punishment for disbelief and disobedience to Him.

END QUOTE. [Al-Jami’ li Ahkam Al-Qur’an (17/53-54)]

Sheikh ‘Abdul Rahman Al-Sa’di said, “When Allah called his slaves to ponder over the verses (prior to this verse in this chapter of the Qur’an) which should cause them to fear Him and repent to Him, he commanded them according the objective of this: to flee towards him: To flee from anything open or hidden which Allah dislikes, towards what pleases Allah, whether it is open or hidden; fleeing from ignorance towards knowledge; from disbelief towards faith; from disobedience and sins towards obedience; from heedlessness towards Allah’s Remembrance. Whoever does these things perfectly, will have perfected his religion from all aspects. He will not be punished by Allah, as he feared and he will attain his ultimate goal (Paradise and Allah’s Pleasure).

Allah called resorting to Him, as fleeing towards Him, since resorting to anything other than Him contains many dangers and troubles. On the contrary, fleeing towards Allah contains many good things, peace, happiness and success. Hence, the slave flees from Allah’s Predestination and Pre-decree towards His Predestination and Pre-decree. Whomever you fear, you flee from him, except Allah, since despite fearing Him, one has to flee towards Him. “I am a plain warner to you from Him” i.e. I warn you against His Punishment to instill fear in you through clear warning.”

Taiseer Al-Karim Al-Rahman (page 811).

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Translated from Islam-QA

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